The Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA) was an early men's senior ice hockey league playing around 1900 in Manitoba, Canada. The league started as an elite amateur league in 1892, became professional in 1905, had a professional and an amateur league in 1908–09 and only an amateur league from 1909 until 1923. Two teams from the league have won the Stanley Cup, the Winnipeg Victorias and the Kenora Thistles.
The Victorias won the Stanley Cup in 1896, 1901 and 1902. Champions of the MHA for 10 straight years, the Victorias were organized under president, Jack Armytage, best remembered as the man who first organized a hockey club in the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
In 1905, the league started to have professional players, and renamed itself the Manitoba Professional Hockey League (MPHL). This lasted until the end of the 1908–09 season, when several teams folded.