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From 1910 until the mid-1930s, the most dominant team in black baseball. Evolved from the split of the Chicago Union Leland Giants into the Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants.
Only five months into the inaugural NSL season, the team relocated to play as the Columbus Turfs for the remaining month and a half before folding.
Originally named the Barber College Baseball Club the team was never a titan of the Negro leagues like wealthier teams in northern cities of the United States, but sound management lead to a continuous thirty-nine years of operation, including five eventual major-leaguers, and two Hall of Famers.
Mostly a minor league team loosely associated with the Kansas City Monarchs
Lasted only one season, quickly fading along with most other teams during the Great Depression.
The team's origins lie in two local negro amateur baseball teams: the Nashville Maroons and the Elites. The Giants welcomed any competition, including white-only teams, but played independently of any leagues until the mid-1920s.
Founded as the Atlanta Cubs and changed their name to the Black Crackers because fans had already begun to call them by that name as a play on the local white league team, the Atlanta Crackers
Organized for the inaugural season of the Negro Southern League, jumping between the NSL and NNL as the team that featured the emergence of HOFer Satchel Paige.
Five years after the demise of the original Indianapolis ABCs, Negro league baseball came back to Indianapolis. Within a few years the Cole's American Giants moved their 1933 home games to Indianapolis, forcing the ABCs move the club to Detroit shortly after opening day.