Other concurrent negro baseball leagues:    
NNL  ·  NEWL  ·  NSL  ·  ANL  ·  ECL  ·  NNL1  ·  NACB  ·  IL  ·  NCBL  ·  SLCB
F i l t e r   &   S o r t 
Cincinnati Tigers Logo
1936-1936 1
Founded by the first U.S. african-american olympic gold medal winner, the short lived squad used Cincinnati Reds hand-me-down uniforms and played at Crosley Field
Kansas City Monarchs Logo
1932-1936 5
The longest-running franchise in the history of baseball's Negro leagues. The Monarchs had only one season in which they did not have a winning record and produced more major league players than any other Negro league franchise.
Philadelphia Bacharach Giants Logo
White promoter Harry Passon organized a new Bacharach team based in Philadelphia. The club eventually joined Gus Greenlee's new Negro National League in 1934 but returned to independent baseball in 1935.
Birmingham Black Barons Logo
Organized for the inaugural season of the Negro Southern League, jumping between the NSL and NNL as the team that featured the emergence of HOFer Satchel Paige.
Atlanta Black Crackers Logo
a.k.a. Cubs, Grey Sox
1919-1936 18
Founded as the Atlanta Cubs and changed their name to the Black Crackers because fans had already begun to call them by that name as a play on the local white league team, the Atlanta Crackers
Cuban Stars (East) Logo
1916-1936 21
An independent team that played in the New York and northeast region of the United States. Because of their ties to the region they were also referred to as the New York Cuban Stars.
Chicago American Giants Logo
From 1910 until the mid-1930s, the most dominant team in black baseball. Evolved from the split of the Chicago Union Leland Giants into the Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants.
Brooklyn Royal Giants Logo
1905-1936 32
One of the prominent independent teams prior to World War I before organized league play began. Fell into decline after joining the Eastern Colored League, then returning to independent status as a mostly semi-pro squad.
Harlem Black Bombers Logo
a.k.a. Black Yankees, Stars
1931-1935 5
The team was founded as the Harlem Black Bombers in 1931 by financier James "Soldier Boy" Semler and dancer Bill "Bojangles" Robinson. By 1932 the team was named the Harlem Stars and by 1933 became the New York Black Yankees.
Homestead Grays Logo
1912-1934 23
Formed by Cumberland Posey, and remained in continuous operation for 38 seasons. Played home games in Pittsburgh at Forbes Field and Greenlee Field. In the 1940s they began splitting home games between Pittsburgh and Washington D.C.
Philadelphia Stars Logo
1933-1933 1
Owned in part by sports promoter Eddie Gottlieb who also owned the Philadelphia Sphas and Philadelphia Warriors basketball teams. Gottlieb was also the booking agent for all the Negro league teams in the Northeast, taking 10% of all receipts
Cuban House of David Logo
a.k.a. Cuban Giants, Cuban Stars, , Red Sox
1928-1933 6
The team began barnstorming around Miami in 1930 as Florida Cuban Giants. Joined the East–West League in 1932 as Pollock's Cuban Stars. The returned as an independent team moniker from 1933 until 1936.
Pittsburgh Crawfords Logo
1931-1932 2
Members of the short-lived and mysterious USNL developed by Branch Rickey prior to integration of blacks in baseball.
Hilldale Giants Logo
1916-1931 16
Established as a boys team in 1910, developed by their owner to be one of the powerhouse Negro league baseball teams in the mid 1920s. Folded along with many clubs during the Great Depression
Baltimore Black Sox Logo
1913-1931 19
Started as an independent team in 1913, gained large success with many stars while it hopped around to four other leageues in it's remaning years before folding.
New York Lincoln Giants Logo
Founded as the first colored pro team in the west. and were the dominant team in 1911, 1912 and 1913, winning the eastern championship each year. In 1914, the owner lost control of the Lincoln Giants name, and formed a rival team, the Lincoln Stars.
Dayton Marcos Logo
1918-1929 12
As an independent team, and also as the only black team in the Ohio/Indiana, they played black and white teams all over the country throughout the 1910s. Local newspapers sometimes referred to the team as "Moses Moore's Marcos."
Nashville Standard Giants Logo
a.k.a. Elite Giants
1920-1928 9
The team's origins lie in two local negro amateur baseball teams: the Nashville Maroons and the Elites. The Giants welcomed any competition, including white-only teams, but played independently of any leagues until the mid-1920s.
Memphis Red Sox Logo
1921-1926 6
Originally named the Barber College Baseball Club the team was never a titan of the Negro leagues like wealthier teams in northern cities of the United States, but sound management lead to a continuous thirty-nine years of operation, including five eventual major-leaguers, and two Hall of Famers.
Kansas City All Nations Logo
Included players of several nationalities, including blacks and whites, Indians, Hawaiians, Japanese and Latin Americans
Washington Potomacs Logo
1923-1923 1
Based in Washington, D.C. in the ECL, they also operated as an independent team briefly. The Potomacs moved to Wilmington, Delaware where they played as the Wilmington Potomacs. In 1925 the team folded, unable to complete the season.
Harrisburg Giants Logo
1922-1923 2
Known primarily for their hitting with HOF'er Oscar Charleston, triple-crown winning Heavy Johnson, and well-known pro basketball player Fats Jenkins. Never able to finish much better than average in the ECL, the club dropped to play an independent schedule, and lost its best players to other teams.
Cleveland Tate Stars Logo
1919-1923 5
Played as an independent team from 1919 through 1921, and joined the Negro National League in 1922 where they finished last of eight clubs. The franchise folded a year later.
Atlantic City Bacharach Giants Logo
Founded when two African-American politicians moved the Duval Giants of Jacksonville, Florida, to Atlantic City in 1916 and renamed them after Harry Bacharach, the city's mayor.
Richmond Giants Logo
a.k.a. ABCs
1916-1922 7
Pittsburgh Keystones Logo
1921-1921 1
Founded by a Barbadian immigrant and pool hall operator. Their home field was Central Park, built by the prominent African American architect Louis Arnett Stuart Bellinger, who would later design Greenlee Field for the Pittsburgh Crawfords.
Detroit Stars Logo
1919-1919 1
Founded in 1919, Detroit Stars immediately established themselves as one of the most powerful teams in the West. After the collapse of the NNL at the end of 1931, the team folded and were replaced by the Detroit Wolves of the East–West League
St. Louis Giants Logo
1911-1919 9
The St. Louis Stars, originally the St. Louis Giants, were a Negro league baseball team that competed independently from as early as 1906 to 1919, and then joined the Negro National League (NNL) for the duration of their existence, winning three pennants in four years from 1928 to 1931.
Chicago Giants Logo
1910-1919 10
Evolved from the split of the Chicago Union Leland Giants into the Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants. They played as a travelling team, without a home field.
Indianapolis ABCs Logo
1907-1919 13
Originally organized by the American Brewing Company in the early 20th century. By 1915, the ABCs were already challenging Rube Foster's Chicago American Giants for supremacy in black baseball.
Cuban Stars (West) Logo
1906-1919 14
Travelling team also known as the Cuban Stars of Havana, Stars of Cuba, Cuban All-Stars, Havana Reds, Almendares Blues or simply as the Cubans. By 1916, however, the team was competing primarily in the midwestern states and was then known as the "Cuban Stars (West),"
New  York Lincoln Stars Logo
Although they lasted less than four years, they were a good team that featured three players who would later be elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame—Oscar Charleston, John Henry Lloyd, and Louis Santop.
Philadelphia Quaker Giants Logo
Also known as the Boston Giants and Boston Colored Giants, they were often marketed as the Quaker Giants and Philadelphia Giants. The team mostly served as a farm team of sorts for the league.
Chicago Unions Logo
1894-1917 24
One of only two Negro teams to survive the U.S. political and economic crisis in 1893. Many players were hired away by 1901 to form the Chicago Leland Giants.
Long Branch Cubans Logo
1915-1916 2
Sunday baseball was not yet legal under blue laws in New York City, so major league teams often traveled to the seaside resort community of Long Branch to play Sunday games against the Cubans.
St. Paul Gophers Logo
1907-1916 10
Small club of black baseball players formed in St. Paul, Minnesota. Like other barnstorming teams of the time, they put considerable pressure on the desegregation of baseball.
West Baden Sprudels Logo
1910-1915 6
They often frequented baseball diamonds near the West Baden Springs Hotel. Their name derived from a bottled water produced at the Hotel which bordered on a local salt lick and mineral spring. The product was labeled as "Sprudel Water"
Trenton Cuban Giants Logo
1886-1915 30
The all-black team achieved victory over so many of the nearby amateur "white" teams that they attracted the attention of a promoter who clandestinely named them the "Cuban Giants". The team remained one of the premier Negro league teams for nearly 20 years.
French Lick Plutos Logo
1912-1914 3
Based at the French Lick Springs Hotel in Indiana, and their name derived from a bottled water produced at the Hotel. The Hotel bordered on a local salt lick and mineral spring and the minerals from the spring made the water act as an effective and marketable natural laxative.
Kansas City Giants Logo
1909-1911 3
Minneapolis Keystones Logo
1908-1911 4
Many researchers do not consider the Keystones a "formal" Negro league team. However, like other barnstorming teams of the time, they had considerable impact on the desegregation of baseball.
Chicago Leland Giants Logo
1905-1911 7
Formed via the merger of Chicago Unions and Chicago Columbia Giants in 1901. Split in 1910 to form Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants
Philadelphia Giants Logo
1902-1911 10
From 1904 to 1909 they were one of the strongest teams in black baseball, winning five eastern championships in six years. Disbanded during the 1911 season, forced by player defections across North, South, East, and West versions of Philadelphia Giants
Buxton Wonders Logo
1909-1909 1
A small club of black baseball players formed in Buxton, Iowa running from approximately 1907 to 1920
San Antonio Black Bronchos Logo
The San Antonio Black Bronchos were a Negro league baseball team, based in San Antonio, Texas, that played from 1907 to 1909. Future Hall of Famer Smokey Joe Williams played for the team.
Birmingham Giants Logo
1904-1909 6
The Giants were the first black professional baseball team in the city of Birmingham, Alabama
Wilmington Giants Logo
1906-1906 1
Short lived franchise that replaced the Cuban Stars at the midway point of the season in the International League
Havana Stars Logo
1906-1906 1
Cuban X-Giants Logo
1896-1906 11
Originally most of the players were former Cuban Giants, hence "ex-Giants". Similarly, the original players were not actually Cuban, but used that moniker to distract from the all-black roster which had negative connotations at the time.
All Cubans Logo
1899-1905 7
The team was the first Latin American professional baseball team to tour the United States, playing against white semiprofessional and Negro league teams.
Chicago Union Giants Logo
1901-1904 4
Formed via the merger of Chicago Unions and Chicago Columbia Giants in 1901. Split in 1910 to form Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants
Algona Brownies Logo
1902-1903 2
Consisted of players that left the Union Giants and defunct Chicago Unions franchise
Columbia Giants Logo
1899-1902 4
One of the nation's top teams in the Negro leagues. The 1898 tour was the club's last, as the team morphed into the new Columbia Giants in Chicago.
Page Fence Giants Logo
1895-1898 4
One of the nation's top teams in the Negro leagues. The 1898 tour was the club's last, as the team morphed into the new Columbia Giants in Chicago.
New York Gothams Logo
1886-1892 7
During their short existence the Gorhams grew to be one of the most successful black professional clubs in the country and challenged the supremacy of the Cuban Giants.
Colored All Americans Logo
1888-1889 2
In 1888, the Cuban Giants and their arch-rivals, the New York Gorhams, formed a traveling team, the Colored All Americans.

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