Other concurrent negro baseball leagues:    
ANL  ·  ECL  ·  Negro
F i l t e r   &   S o r t 
Cleveland Cubs Logo
1931-1931 1
The team's origins lie in two local negro amateur baseball teams: the Nashville Maroons and the Elites. The Giants welcomed any competition, including white-only teams, but played independently of any leagues until the mid-1920s.
Indianapolis ABCs Logo
1931-1931 1
Five years after the demise of the original Indianapolis ABCs, Negro league baseball came back to Indianapolis. Within a few years the Cole's American Giants moved their 1933 home games to Indianapolis, forcing the ABCs move the club to Detroit shortly after opening day.
Louisville White Sox Logo
1930-1931 2
Only five months into the inaugural NSL season, the team relocated to play as the Columbus Turfs for the remaining month and a half before folding.
Chicago American Giants Logo
1920-1931 12 5
From 1910 until the mid-1930s, the most dominant team in black baseball. Evolved from the split of the Chicago Union Leland Giants into the Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants.
Kansas City Monarchs Logo
1920-1931 12 4
The longest-running franchise in the history of baseball's Negro leagues. The Monarchs had only one season in which they did not have a winning record and produced more major league players than any other Negro league franchise.
Detroit Stars Logo
1920-1931 12
Founded in 1919, Detroit Stars immediately established themselves as one of the most powerful teams in the West. After the collapse of the NNL at the end of 1931, the team folded and were replaced by the Detroit Wolves of the East–West League
St. Louis Giants Logo
a.k.a. Stars
1920-1931 12 3
The St. Louis Stars, originally the St. Louis Giants, were a Negro league baseball team that competed independently from as early as 1906 to 1919, and then joined the Negro National League (NNL) for the duration of their existence, winning three pennants in four years from 1928 to 1931.
Nashville Elite Giants Logo
The team's origins lie in two local negro amateur baseball teams: the Nashville Maroons and the Elites. The Giants welcomed any competition, including white-only teams, but played independently of any leagues until the mid-1920s.
Birmingham Black Barons Logo
Organized for the inaugural season of the Negro Southern League, jumping between the NSL and NNL as the team that featured the emergence of HOFer Satchel Paige.
Memphis Red Sox Logo
1923-1930 8
Originally named the Barber College Baseball Club the team was never a titan of the Negro leagues like wealthier teams in northern cities of the United States, but sound management lead to a continuous thirty-nine years of operation, including five eventual major-leaguers, and two Hall of Famers.
Cuban Stars (West) Logo
a.k.a. Cuban Stars
1920-1930 11
Travelling team also known as the Cuban Stars of Havana, Stars of Cuba, Cuban All-Stars, Havana Reds, Almendares Blues or simply as the Cubans. By 1916, however, the team was competing primarily in the midwestern states and was then known as the "Cuban Stars (West),"
Cleveland Tigers Logo
1928-1928 1
One of many one-and-done Negro League Cleveland franchises over the years, they folded after finishing in 7th place in the NNL.
Cleveland Hornets Logo
1927-1927 1
Franchise only survived a single season in the NNL before folding with a dismal record of 17-42.
Cleveland Elites Logo
1926-1926 1
In their first year as a franchise, they failed to even complete the season.
Indianapolis ABCs Logo
1920-1926 7
Originally organized by the American Brewing Company in the early 20th century. By 1915, the ABCs were already challenging Rube Foster's Chicago American Giants for supremacy in black baseball.
Dayton Marcos Logo
1920-1926 7
As an independent team, and also as the only black team in the Ohio/Indiana, they played black and white teams all over the country throughout the 1910s. Local newspapers sometimes referred to the team as "Moses Moore's Marcos."
Cleveland Browns Logo
1924-1924 1
Managed by HOF'er Sol White, the Browns lasted only one season before folding.
Toledo Tigers Logo
1923-1923 1
Ceased operations in July with a league record of 11-17. After the team disbanded, many of its better players transferred to the St. Louis Stars and Milwaukee Bears for the remainder of the season, in an effort to shore up both franchises. The NNL then invited the Cleveland Tate Stars to rejoin as associate members to play out the Tigers' remaining schedule.
Milwaukee Bears Logo
1923-1923 1
Drew much of its personnel from the disbanded Keystones and New Orleans Crescent Stars. Primarily due to poor home attendance at Athletic Park, the club played most of its games on the road, and quickly faded from existence.
Cleveland Tate Stars Logo
1922-1923 2
Played as an independent team from 1919 through 1921, and joined the Negro National League in 1922 where they finished last of eight clubs. The franchise folded a year later.
Pittsburgh Keystones Logo
1922-1922 1
Founded by a Barbadian immigrant and pool hall operator. Their home field was Central Park, built by the prominent African American architect Louis Arnett Stuart Bellinger, who would later design Greenlee Field for the Pittsburgh Crawfords.
Columbus Buckeyes Stars Logo
Sol White, a manager, player and journalist in African-American baseball history, served as coach and general adviser to the team. The team was not very successful, either on the field or at the box office, at season's end the franchise was dissolved.
Chicago Giants Logo
1920-1921 2
Evolved from the split of the Chicago Union Leland Giants into the Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants. They played as a travelling team, without a home field.

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