Previously known as the Houston Oilers, the team was founded by Bud Adams who owned it until his death in 2013 and began play in 1960 in Houston, Texas, as a charter member of the American Football League (AFL). The Oilers won the first two AFL Championships along with four division titles and joined the NFL as part of the AFL–NFL merger in 1970. The Oilers made consecutive playoff appearances from 1978 to 1980 and 1987 to 1993, with Hall of Famers Earl Campbell and Warren Moon, respectively.
The team relocated from Houston to Nashville, Tennessee in 1997, but played at the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium in Memphis for one season while waiting for a stadium to be constructed. Due to low attendance, the team then moved to Vanderbilt Stadium in Nashville in 1998. For those two years, they were known as the "Tennessee Oilers", but changed their name to "Tennessee Titans" for the 1999 season. The team currently plays at Nissan Stadium in Nashville, which opened in 1999 as Adelphia Coliseum. The Titans' training facility is at Saint Thomas Sports Park, a 31-acre (13 ha) site at the MetroCenter complex in Nashville.
Throughout the club's history, the Titans have played in the Super Bowl once (XXXIV, at the end of the 1999 NFL season); the Titans lost 23–16 to the St. Louis Rams. Led by Steve McNair and Eddie George, the Titans made the playoffs in all but one season from 1999 to 2003, but only made the playoffs twice in the next thirteen years. Since 2016, the Titans have had five consecutive winning seasons, the most since they were the Houston Oilers, and made three playoff appearances in that time. The Titans are the only team in the league to have two players rush for 2,000 yards in a season; those players were Chris Johnson (2009) and Derrick Henry (2020).